Two complementary and simultaneous events are occurring in the energy sector. In developed countries, residential and business consumers are generating their own power on their premises. Governmental subsidies have caused a surge in on-site electrical generation. Some of these systems are very sophisticated, such that some are capable of self-sustainability. They have the potential to “island” from the grid. Under these circumstances, these power systems supply generation, storage controls and load management (such as building automation). Simultaneously, the United Nations established a program titled “Sustainable Energy for All”, which intends to eliminate energy poverty by 2030, as well as double global renewable electric generation by 2020. Energy poverty is prevalent in developing countries, where communities and villages, at best, use kerosene lanterns for light. This session presents ideas regarding these two converging trends, and the likelihood of the most astonishing change to the traditional “big grid” power system may arise from power suppliers addressing these new markets through microgrids, a smart grid "killer app".